Citizenship at the Intersections of State Intervention and Criminal Justice Oversight: Toward an Action Agenda on Socio-legal Approaches to Regulating Street Prostitution in the EU and North America, Essex University, United Kingdom

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Citizenship at the Intersections of State Intervention and Criminal Justice Oversight: Toward an Action Agenda on Socio-legal Approaches to Regulating Street Prostitution in the EU and North America, Essex University, United Kingdom

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Research Question

The project goal is to formulate a legal and policy action agenda derived from examining the expanded criminal justice oversight and state intervention justified by dominant socio-institutional forces’ mandate to maintain order among groups deemed disorderly. This investigation will achieve its goal by uniting North American and European Union research on street-involved women, who struggle with addiction, homelessness, poverty, criminal justice oversight, and, in EU contexts, often lack the right to legal residence and employment. This goal, which addresses questions of citizenship and human rights among globally marginalized populations, comprises the following five objectives to:

1. intensively collaborate for three weeks in person with Dr. Isabel Crowhurst, Deputy Director of Essex University’s Centre for Intimate & Sexual Citizenship and Chair of the European Union-funded ProsPol network of scholars and practitioners engaged in policy work with members of European national and municipal judiciaries (http://prospol.eu/is1209/);

2. Determine what accounts for gaps between empirical evidence and sociolegal practice vis-à-vis street-involved women in some North American and EU contexts but not others;

3. Ascertain whether particular sociolegal approaches facilitate certain types of living and working conditions for street-involved women;

4. Explore country-specific forces and actors which foster the development and global circulation of “best practices” for regulatory instruments designed to address street involvement;

5. Analyze results to develop an action agenda

Significance

The proposed research is significant in its four primary benefits to internationalization at UW and in the state of Wyoming: [1] direct relevance to the CGS’ mission to support work in the areas of ethics, human rights, and justice as well as leadership and governance in global policymaking; [2] bolstering UW’s international reputation through continued prominence in my field, which is evident in references to my work in The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Nation, The Washington Post, PBS, and The Huffington Post, and invited lectures at Columbia University, Williams College, an EU forum, and other venues; [3] fostering an institutional relationship between UW and Essex University; [4] bringing international best practices for gender-responsive criminal justice initiatives to the Wyoming Department of Corrections, where I will spend my spring 2018 sabbatical conducting an extensive statewide study designed to identify ways to reduce recidivism rates, a role I will undertake with DOC as founder and co-coordinator of Wyoming Pathways from Prison (http://www.uwyo.edu/gwst/wpfp/).

Methods Used

In the first week, Dr. Crowhurst and I will select manuscripts for publication in the Routledge Handbook, finalize our intellectual vision for the volume, identify gaps and invite additional contributions to fill them. We will conduct in-depth, semi-structured interviews via Skype meetings (scheduled a month prior) with a minimum of 50 EU, US, and Canadian colleagues, to achieve objectives 2-4. In the second week, we will continue these Skype meetings, then begin deductively and axially coding the results of meeting notes to develop a preliminary action agenda and further refine it in consultation with colleagues interviewed. We will also begin conceptualizing the Springer book, which will comprise the practical results of our work together, and the Critical Criminology article, which will introduce our findings’ global theoretical implications. In the third week we will finalize our action agenda, lead seminars at Essex University, and create a virtual network of North American and EU scholars and practitioners.

Conclusions/Outcomes

A minimum of five clear deliverables will result from the project:

· The International handbook of sex industry research, commissioned by Routledge;

· An article for submission to Critical Criminology;

· A book invited for submission to Springer synthesizing the results of our action agenda;

· Topical seminars at Essex’s Centre for Criminology and Centre for Intimate and Sexual Citizenship;

· Creation of a virtual EU-North American network of scholars and practitioners

Publication Date

2017

Department

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Disciplines

Criminal Law | Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Women's Studies

Citizenship at the Intersections of State Intervention and Criminal Justice Oversight: Toward an Action Agenda on Socio-legal Approaches to Regulating Street Prostitution in the EU and North America, Essex University, United Kingdom

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