Acceptance and Usage of Mobile Devices for Informal English Language Learning in the Japanese University Context
The researcher investigated the acceptance and usage of mobile devices for the purpose of English-language learning among Japanese university students. A paper-based instrument was distributed to undergraduate students enrolled in 59 required English as a foreign language courses. Nine hundred and seventy-seven students participated in the study. The results of the study showed that the participants were open to the use of mobile devices for informal English-language learning and were already using the devices for this purpose to listen to music, as well as to access dictionary and translation applications. However, activities that would enable students to engage in communicative practice were under represented. While participants were positive regarding the portability and convenience of the devices, they were concerned about health issues related to their use and worried that mobile learning may not be as effective as traditional methods of study. Statistical analysis of the data revealed significant correlations between acceptance an usage and that individual differences had an effect on responses.