Home > ELA > Vol. 31 (2016)

#### Article Title

#### Keywords

Star sign pattern, Primitive digraph, PEP sign pattern, MPEP sign pattern.

#### Abstract

An $n$-by-$n$ real matrix $A$ is eventually positive if there exists a positive integer $k_{0}$ such that $A^{k}>0$ for all $k\geq k_{0}$. An $n$-by-$n$ sign pattern $\mathcal{A}$ is potentially eventually positive (PEP) if there exists an eventually positive real matrix $A$ with the same sign pattern as $\mathcal{A}$. An $n$-by-$n$ sign pattern $\mathcal{A}$ is a minimal potentially eventually positive sign pattern (MPEP sign pattern) if $\mathcal{A}$ is PEP and no proper subpattern of $\mathcal{A}$ is PEP. Berman, Catral, Dealba, et al. [Sign patterns that allow eventual positivity, {\it ELA}, 19(2010): 108-120] established some sufficient and some necessary conditions for an $n$-by-$n$ sign pattern to allow eventual positivity and classified the potentially eventually positive sign patterns of order $n\leq 3$. However, the identification and classification of PEP signpatterns of order $n\geq 4$ remain open. In this paper, all the $n$-by-$n$ PEP star sign patterns are classified by identifying all the MPEP star sign patterns.

#### Recommended Citation

Ber-Lin, Yu; Ting-Zhu, Huang; Cui, Jie; and Chunhua, Deng.
(2016),
"Potentially eventually positive star sign patterns",
*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*,
Volume 31, pp. 541-548.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13001/1081-3810.2963

*Abstract*