Room-temperature ferromagnetism is observed in reduced rutile TiO22d by Fe doping. The epitaxial films grown by pulsed-laser deposition are carefully examined by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and magnetic and transport measurements. The films exhibit the extraordinary Hall-effect and thin-film magnetic shape anisotropy. The magnetic moments and anticipated Curie temperatures of the films rule out Fe particles, iron oxides, and Ti–Fe oxides as possible sources for the observed magnetic signals. The carriers of the Fe-doped reduced rutile are p-type, with a carrier density of 131022/cm3. This room-temperature dilute magnetic semiconductor should find potential applications in spintronics. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.
Wang, Zhenjun; Wang, Wendong; Tang, Jinke; Tung, Le Duc; Spinu, Leonard; and Zhou, Weilie (2003). "Extraordinary Hall effect and ferromagnetism in Fe-doped reduced rutile." APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 83.3, 518-520.