Presenter Information

Eilish Hanson, University of Wyoming

Department

Agricultural & Applied Economics Department

First Advisor

Dr. Chian Jones-Ritten

Description

The number of women as key farming operators rose from 28 percent to nearly 60 percent from 1940 through the mid-1990s. (Blau, Ferber, & Winkler, 2014, p. 27) as men were sent to war during WWII (Adams, 1997, p.5). At the same time, unfortunately, the total number of farms declined by more than half from 1940 to 1980. (Labao & Meyer, 2001, pp. 107-108). In an effort to understand historical trends of women’s involvement in agriculture, a research project was performed tracking the participation rate, collegiate enrollment, and employment as faculty of women in agriculture across the United States and in Wyoming. The goal was to analyze historical trends of women’s involvement in agriculture. The first research topic was used to determine the trend in women’s participation in agriculture by comparing the number of women as principle operators across the U.S. to Wyoming. The second research topic was used to determine the trend of the rate at which women have received general bachelor, masters, and doctorate degrees across the U.S. and in Wyoming compared to the rate at which women have received agricultural degrees at those levels. The final research topic was used to determine the trend in the number of women faculty members of agricultural programs across the U.S. and in Wyoming compared to the number of women faculty members in general. It was determined that women’s participation rate, collegiate enrollment, and faculty status in agriculture across the U.S. and in Wyoming has historically increased.

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Oral Presentation

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History of Women in Agriculture

The number of women as key farming operators rose from 28 percent to nearly 60 percent from 1940 through the mid-1990s. (Blau, Ferber, & Winkler, 2014, p. 27) as men were sent to war during WWII (Adams, 1997, p.5). At the same time, unfortunately, the total number of farms declined by more than half from 1940 to 1980. (Labao & Meyer, 2001, pp. 107-108). In an effort to understand historical trends of women’s involvement in agriculture, a research project was performed tracking the participation rate, collegiate enrollment, and employment as faculty of women in agriculture across the United States and in Wyoming. The goal was to analyze historical trends of women’s involvement in agriculture. The first research topic was used to determine the trend in women’s participation in agriculture by comparing the number of women as principle operators across the U.S. to Wyoming. The second research topic was used to determine the trend of the rate at which women have received general bachelor, masters, and doctorate degrees across the U.S. and in Wyoming compared to the rate at which women have received agricultural degrees at those levels. The final research topic was used to determine the trend in the number of women faculty members of agricultural programs across the U.S. and in Wyoming compared to the number of women faculty members in general. It was determined that women’s participation rate, collegiate enrollment, and faculty status in agriculture across the U.S. and in Wyoming has historically increased.