Grand Teton National Park Report
The Snake River plains and foothill areas of Jackson Hole have been grazed by domestic livestock since settlement of the area. Wildlife populations, including elk (Cervus elaphus), buffalo (Bison bison), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and antelope (Antilocapra americana) have historically used the area. Moose (Alces alces) are currently relatively abundant. Currently, livestock continue to use part of the area contained in Grand Teton National Park either as a concession or due to authorization by Park enabling legislation. Large grazing wildlife also inhabit the Park area. Park managers need information concerning the effects of grazing by large ungulates on vegetation resources, to achieve desired plant community goals by effectively managing grazing.
Smith, Michael A. and Dodd, Jerrold L.
"Effects of Domestic Livestock and Wildlife Grazing in Grand Teton National Park,"
University of Wyoming National Park Service Research Center Annual Report: Vol. 14
, Article 27.
Available at: http://repository.uwyo.edu/uwnpsrc_reports/vol14/iss1/27