Critical Thinking in Teaching and Learning: Language and Culture of Latvia
How does English-language pedagogy shape political discourse in the Republic of Latvia?
English is used by non-native speakers (NNS) for neutral communicative purposes and not for identification with a group. In fact, however, the use of English may reinforce the use of indigenous languages for identification purposes, and may be “employed as a vehicle of protest against English” (House, 2012).
Participant observation of classrooms, schools, and indigenous populations.
Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) is widespread in the Republic of Latvia. English was observed to be used in education and as one of the three vernaculars in Latvia (the other two languages used widely in Latvia are Latvian and Russian). No prejudice toward the use of English was observed.
Stordahl, Marian, "Critical Thinking in Teaching and Learning: Language and Culture of Latvia" (2015). CGS Student Awards 2015. 8.