Linear recurrence relations, Matrix rank, Recurrence matrices
A recurrence matrix is a matrix whose terms are sequential members of a linear homogeneous recurrence sequence of order k and whose dimensions are both greater than or equal to k. In this paper, the ranks of recurrence matrices are determined. In particular, it is shown that the rank of such a matrix differs from the previously found upper bound of k in only two situations: When (a_j) satisfies a recurrence relation of order less than k, and when the nth powers of distinct eigenvalues of (a_j ) coincide.
"Rank drops of recurrence matrices",
Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra,