•  
  •  
 

Keywords

cluster, pendant vertices, distance Laplacian matrix, distance Laplacian eigenvalues, distance spectral radius

Abstract

All graphs considered are simple and undirected. A cluster in a graph is a pair of vertex subsets $(C,S)$, where $C$ is a maximal set of cardinality $|C| \ge 2$ of independent vertices sharing the same set $S$ of $|S|$ neighbors. Let $G$ be a connected graph on $n$ vertices with a cluster $(C,S)$ and $H$ be a graph of order $|C|$. Let $G(H)$ be the connected graph obtained from $G$ and $H$ when the edges of $H$ are added to the edges of $G$ by identifying the vertices of $H$ with the vertices in $C$. It is proved that $G$ and $G(H)$ have in common $n-|C|+1$ distance Laplacian eigenvalues, and the matrix having these common eigenvalues is given, if $H$ is the complete graph on $|C|$ vertices then $\partial-|C|+2$ is a distance Laplacian eigenvalue of $G(H)$ with multiplicity $|C|-1$, where $\partial$ is the transmission in $G$ of the vertices in $C$. Furthermore, it is shown that if $G$ is a graph of diameter at least $3$, then the distance Laplacian spectral radii of $G$ and $G(H)$ are equal, and if $G$ is a graph of diameter $2$, then conditions for the equality of these spectral radii are established. Finally, the results are extended to graphs with two or more disjoint clusters.

abs_vol35_pp511-523.pdf (109 kB)
Abstract

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.