The most direct and complete method of measuring agnostic behavior is to count the frequency of occurrence of various behavior patterns. Agonistic behavior includes attack, escape, threat, and passivity. Submissive behavior was divided into two catagories: (a) posture with high or raised head, shoulders low, and tail not to one side; (b) a posture with head down or sharply turned up in a corner, shoulders low, and tail not to the side.
"The Study of Agonistic Behavior,"
Jackson Hole Research Station Annual Report: Vol. 1969
, Article 25.
Available at: https://repository.uwyo.edu/jhrs_reports/vol1969/iss1/25