Nanosized La0.9Ca0.1MnO3 perovskite-type crystalline complex oxides have been prepared at the low calcination temperature of 300 °C. The preparation procedure was carried out by the two-step process of amorphous formation and calcination. The amorphous phase was obtained by the reaction of metal ions with tetrabutylammonium hydroxide at 245 °C, and then calcined at 300 °C ~sample A! or 400 °C ~sample B! to prepare the nanocrystalline materials. The magnetic measurement shows that spin-glass behavior exists at 45 K and the blocking temperature increases with an increase of calcination temperature. The result of the spin-glass temperature of 45 K demonstrates that the particle size of the two samples A and B is below 50 nm. The increase of blocking temperature from A to B indicates that the particle size of A is less than that of B. The measurement of the normalized resistivity versus temperature for samples A and B shows that they have the change of the normalized resistive value at 230 K. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
Ji, Tianhao; Fang, Jiye; Golob, Volodymyr; Tang, Jinke; and O’Connor, Charles J. (2002). "Preparation and magnetic properties of La 0.9 Ca 0.1 MnO 3 nanoparticles at 300°C." JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 92.11, 6833-6836.