Mapping Different Forms of Prejudice Toward African Americans: Exploring State Level Outcomes

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In this study, we will be continuing a longitudinal study measuring both indirect and direct prejudice toward African Americans. Based on the two-dimensional model of prejudice (Son Hing et al., 2008), we can combine scores on the measures of prejudice and categorize participants into modern racists, aversive racists, principled conservatives, and low in prejudice. With over 7,000 participants thus far, we have been able to identify geographic regions within the United States that represent the four different forms of prejudice. The goals of the proposed study are 1) to increase the sample size and identify states characterized by the different forms of prejudice, 2) examine whether certain forms of prejudice relate to state level outcomes (e.g., racial disparities in prisons), and 3) determine whether aversive racism and modern racism are equally associated with negative outcomes.


This research is possible thanks to a grant from the Social Justice Research Center.

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