Date of Award

Fall 2017

Document Type

Masters Plan B

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Science & Mathematics Teaching Center


Linda Hutchison

Second Advisor

Alan Buss

Third Advisor

Naomi Ward


Integrative practices between mathematics and science are critical and essential for students when approaching real-world problems and applications. This literature review explored the possible benefits and considerations for integrating quantitative literacy into the middle level science classroom. Explorations included understanding the standards for mathematics and science, identifying connections, and comparing and contrasting the learning cycle for science and the process standards for mathematics. In researching the standards and the learning processes, the underlying mechanisms and the intricate relationship between mathematics and science was revealed. Included in the literature review is an example of how to integrate quantitative literacy into science. The example steps outside of common integrative practices involving measurement and probability and identifies the applications for algebraic calculations in a biology laboratory. The research on this topic was not exhausted. The findings for the research that was explored concluded that there are benefits to integrating quantitative literacy into science. The research indicated that science is utilized to demonstrate real-life, authentic examples of mathematical concepts, and that mathematics is used as the quantifiable application to solve and analyze scientific phenomena. The research concluded that a benefit of integration is that science and mathematics provide context and relevancy to each other’s respective content. This context and relevancy helps students identify and experience real-world applications and use concepts explored in both science and mathematics.