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Grand Teton National Park Report

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The Teton normal-fault zone extends for over 80 km along the eastern front of the Teton Range. Mapping and profiling of Quaternary fault scarps shows that the scarps are nearly continous for 55 km with scarp heights varying from about 10 m to 40 m. The largest scarps occur adjacent to the topographically highest parts of the Teton range. The scarps locally offset glacial moraine crests in a left-lateral sense. On a regional scale the scarps exhibit a right-stepping, en echelon geometry that is also consistent with a component of left-lateral displacenent. The Teton fault is structurally subdivided into three segments. One prominent geometrical segment boundary occurs just south Taggart Lake, where the range front bends through an angle of 23° and a major structural boundary extends through the hanging wall basin, as inferred by gravity data. This boundary may have influenced the history of Quaternary earthquake occurrences because vertical offset across faults scarps is greater to the north of the boundary, than to the south. The lengths of the proposed segments and scarp size are consistent with M7 to 7.5 earthquakes for the Teton fault zone.