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Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem Report

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Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), the chytrid fungus which infects keratinized amphibian skin and causes the lethal disease chytridiomycosis, has been linked to population declines and extinctions worldwide (Lips et al. 2006). Amphibians infected with Bd may suffer a variety of outcomes. Individuals of some species have been killed by :S 100 Bd zoospores, while other species, such as the North American bullfrog Rana catesbiana, are highly resistant (Daszak et al. 2004). Within an amphibian species, populations may also respond differently to Bd, with some declining et al. remaining stable (Kriger and Hero 2006). Divergent outcomes among species and populations with respect to Bd may arise from at least three factors, or their interaction.