Research Project Report: Ecology
Kelly Warm Springs is a unique geological feature located within Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. The Kelly Warm Springs area is used extensively by park wildlife, for recreation by park visitors, and is a place of educational interest. It has also been the site of historic non-native fish releases. The current work was initiated to gather historical information and to begin systematic documentation of temperatures in and around Kelly Warm Springs. Historic information that was not published but considered valid was included. Non-native fish presence was first documented in the 1960s. Concerns about non-native fish and habitat loss for native species were discussed by researchers in the 1980s. The temperature ranges recorded at several sites October – December 2014 approached 0oC at the lower section of the outflow channel, but remained above 20oC in the spring pond. While these range below the preferred temperature range for goldfish, research has documented survival in near zero temperatures. All sites located below Mormon Row where temperature loggers were initially deployed were either dewatered or frozen by mid-November.
Anderson, Paige; Farag, Aida M.; and Harper, David D.
"Kelly Warm Springs Historical Data Summary: Progress Report,"
University of Wyoming National Park Service Research Center Annual Report: Vol. 37
, Article 4.
Available at: https://repository.uwyo.edu/uwnpsrc_reports/vol37/iss1/4