Document Type


Subject Area

Land & Water Division


Although Kazakhstan is a relatively new and developing country, it has an emerging economy and aspirations for a sustainable development. Historical tribal diversity and previous rule by the U.S.S.R. shape the culture, politics, technology, and economy of the country. Therefore, this comment provides a general overview of Kazakhstan’s unique history and abundance of natural resources. It also uses Kazakhstan’s Strategy 2050 to determine if Kazakhstan will be able to meet its goal of becoming a “developed” nation by the year 2050 without compromising its international environmental obligations, in particular its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. An analysis of the pertinent provisions of Kazakhstan’s Strategy 2050 illustrates that although Kazakhstan is currently on track to meet its modest international commitments, particularly with regard to the Kyoto Protocol, its commitments are meager in comparison to man. European Nations that are trying to lead the fight against climate change. As a result, this comment discusses a prospective analysis for the upcoming 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference and Kazakhstan’s post-2020 climate change commitments.

Part II discusses a brief history of Kazakhstan, its environment, the relevant sections of Strategy 2050, and its current international environmental obligations, with particular focus on the Kyoto Protocol and related instruments. Part III then shows how Strategy 2050 is in compliance with Kazakhstan’s treaty obligations and concludes with the upcoming 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris (Paris Conference) and post-2020 projections.

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